Towards low carbon cities: TCEP and Bilan CarboneTM approach

To assist companies, administrations and local authorities in their pursuit of fighting against climate change, the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME) has developed methodologies and tools - TCEP (Territorial Climate and Energy Plan) and the “Bilan CarboneTM” (Carbon Assessment tool).

Territorial Climate and Energy Plan  

The TCEP has three main objectives: First, mitigation of GHG emissions and reducing the territories’ vulnerability to climate change. TCEP developed by ADEME for the local actors consists of tools for evaluating GHG emissions and identifying the path to progress. Secondly, it helps them in developing action plans based on the identified paths and their policies related to urban planning and management, transport, housing, etc. Thirdly, it provides for sharing information and mobilizing local population for action towards climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Bilan CarboneTM

ADEME’s emissions accounting model, Bilan CarboneTM (Carbon Balance) method, serves as a tool to calculate the GHG emissions to assess the direct and indirect emissions produced by the different activities of all the stakeholders in a territory. The 6 th version of the tool was launched in May 2009.

The Bilan CarboneTM module is made up of a series of spreadsheets, with associated utility manuals. A main Excel spreadsheet is used to calculate emissions, compare emissions between different years and assess the potential of various emission reduction actions. The associated utilities assist users in calculating the emissions in road transport, the cooling gas leaks from refrigeration and air conditioning systems, and simulating “what is at stake economically” over the entire range of activities studied. Over 2,000 Bilan Carbone TM diagnostics have been conducted in France and the tool is being adapted in the rest of the world.  

A Bilan CarboneTM diagnostic: Example of the city of Paris

Paris encompasses 3,000 hectares of green space, receives 30 million tourists annually, and accounts for 10% of the national GDP. The carbon balance study took into account all the major fluxes of consumption or movements: energy use, mobility of people and merchandise, consumption of Parisians and visitors, production of waste, etc.

Three major sectors account for 80% of all the emissions through the use of energy (see figure): energy consumed in buildings, transport of people, and transport of merchandise. Such estimations will be useful for the city authorities to provide right direction in setting policies that can help Paris to achieve resource efficiency and environmental sustainability, and in meeting the Kyoto Protocol obligations.

Emissions, tons equivalent of carbon in ‘000

For more information on Bilan CarboneTM, visit: